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Cybersecurity Laws: Are They Adequate in Combating Cybercrime?

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Written by
Dr. Isabel Larsen
  • Icon Calendar 18 May 2024
  • Icon Page 597 words
  • Icon Clock 3 min read
English (United States)
Academic level
Type of paper
Criminal Justice
Paper format
Individual Essay Example

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Governments worldwide implement cybersecurity laws to protect against cybercrime targeting individuals, organizations, and infrastructures. These laws are designed to deter cyber criminals, punish offenders, and ensure a safe digital environment. However, despite these efforts, the question remains: Are cybersecurity laws adequately combating cybercrime? While legal systems successfully penalize some international advanced cybercrimes, existing cybersecurity laws face challenges in matching the speed of technology, and lack of accord in the laws and protocols obscures global control, calling for an improvement.

Limitations of Existing Laws

One of the primary concerns with current cybersecurity laws is their inability to keep up with rapidly advancing technology. For instance, governments struggle to maintain the pace of technological change as skills evolve faster than law-making efforts (Savaş & Karataş, 2022, p. 22). In this case, cybercriminals constantly find new ways to exploit vulnerabilities, and existing acts might not cover all the emerging threats. Laws may not adequately address sophisticated hacking techniques or the use of emerging technologies, like artificial intelligence, for malicious purposes. To mitigate this problem, cybersecurity governance (CSG) must adapt to rapidly changing technology in cyber environments used for various purposes, and governance policies must keep pace (Savaş & Karataş, 2022, p. 30). The adaptation can be done by fostering continuous education, collaboration with industry experts, and regularly reviewing and updating policies to address emerging threats. Hence, as present cyber security decrees struggle to keep pace with rapidly advancing expertise and evolving threats, CSG must constantly adapt and update its policies to combat cybercrime.

Challenges of International Jurisdiction

Cybercrime knows no borders, and cybercriminals can operate from anywhere. Despite national and international regulation, the scale and breadth of transnational cybercrime continue to grow, indicating an inadequate legal response (Arnell & Faturoti, 2022, p. 29). Teamwork and coordination between countries are crucial for effectively prosecuting cybercriminals, but the need to harmonize laws and regulations complicates these efforts. The territorial intricacies of different legal frameworks and lack of resources or political will in some countries hinder bringing cybercriminals to justice in cross-border investigations. Thus, the global nature of cybercrime challenges the efficacy of national and universal regulations.

Cybersecurity Laws Adequacy

Despite the limitations and challenges, some argue that the existing cybersecurity laws adequately combat cybercrime. For example, the Commonwealth of Independent States agreement and Arab Convention on Combating Information Technology Offences focus on high-tech cybercrimes, with comprehensive substantive and procedural norms, extradition, and mutual assistance (Robalo & Rahim, 2023, p. 66). The convections aim to harmonize national legal systems and effectively punish transnational high-tech cybercrimes. While it is true that some cybercriminals are brought to justice, often for high-profile targets or significant attacks, many cybercrimes go unresolved due to difficulties in identifying perpetrators and gathering evidence across digital borders. Therefore, the occasional success stories should be consistent with the broader inadequacies of cybersecurity laws.


Cybersecurity laws face challenges in battling cybercrime. Despite success in inhibiting high-tech crimes, confines in maintaining technology and state intricacy show their inadequacy. Rare success stories on only critical crimes cannot surpass the broader gaps in the law. As a result, regimes must rank ample and up-to-date acts for a safer digital setting.


Arnell, P., & Faturoti, B. (2022). The prosecution of cybercrime – Why transnational and extraterritorial jurisdiction should be resisted. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 37(1), 29–51. https://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2022.2061888

Robalo, T. L. A. S., & Rahim, R. B. B. A. (2023). Cyber victimization, restorative justice, and victim-offender panels. Asian Journal of Criminology, 18(1), 61–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11417-023-09396-9

Savaş, S., & Karataş, S. (2022). Cyber governance studies in ensuring cybersecurity: An overview of cybersecurity governance. International Cybersecurity Law Review, 3(1), 7–34. https://doi.org/10.1365/s43439-021-00045-4

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