We accept Apple Pay Google Pay Quick and secure payment options.

Types of Papers

Author Avatar
Written by
Dr. Alex Freedman
  • Icon Calendar 16 May 2024
  • Icon Page 3555 words
  • Icon Clock 17 min read

When people decide to write typical essays or other types of papers, they might need various guidelines to follow. Hence, making sure that their task can be addressed effectively is critical when it comes to writing. While the list of different works covered is never full as teachers create new names for old ones each day, below is the description of the most popular types of papers among students. The description of these types of works is provided to show all people general information about each type of paper so that they understand them better.

Research Paper

There are mostly two types of a research paper.

1)    The first one is usually associated with a lengthy essay structure that uses sources and is correctly formatted. Also, it is usually seen in high schools, early college years, and sometimes in higher educational facilities that use this type of work instead of the regular essay. However, in such work, students are mostly asked to search the web for a potential answer to specific questions, learn how to take a side in discussions, how to present a personal position on the subject and more.

Hence, this is the most common type of essays that academic writers deal with and sometimes such research papers are even called as an “essay” anyway because it is too common, while students usually do not know how to classify it and choose “essay (any type)” to describe such research papers because the main task here is to use outside sources and write a plagiarism-free essay that answers a specific question, using those materials. 

2)    The second one is a serious research work that is associated with an expanded essay that includes abstract, outline, introduction, literature review, materials and methods, results, discussion, recommendations, limitations, conclusion, and appendix sections.


It is an expanded essay. It presents your own interpretations, evaluations, and argument. Also, it talks about the culmination and final product of an involved process of research, critical thinking, source evaluation, organization, and composition.


It is formal. Hence, it uses impersonal and inclusive language, present tense to report well-accepted facts and past tense to describe specific results. Also, it does not address the reader directly, does not use slang terms, or superlatives, and includes only those figures necessary to presenting results.


The structure of the essay is important because the well-structured paper is easy to read and sound professional. Hence, writing good is never enough while the structure of the work makes the difference.

Title Page

The name of the work and a correctly formatted page will appear on the title page.


Presents a summary of the work. Basically, it is a mix of introduction and conclusion. It should be written when the whole work is finished already. It should describe all parts of the work, but unlike the conclusion, it may include a discussion about the purpose of the paper.


Short structure of the work with highlighted major points of it. However, many call such part of work as a bone structure of the essay.


Presents the rationale behind the work (background research), description of the importance, defending model, a brief description of the experimental design, highlighted research questions, and hypotheses.

Note: If you have any observations or ideas that came up before your experiment/research, you must write them in this section).

Literature review

It summarizes and synthesizes the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions. It is organized around ideas, not the sources.


This section documents the procedures and materials used, talks about sampling, and recognizes every aspect of your methods that can be used by others to repeat your work to prove it if needed while also explaining how the experiment will be conducted.


This section presents and illustrates your findings and may include figures, charts, and tables.

Note: If you have any observations or ideas that came up during your experiment/research, you must write them in this section.


This section is all about the interpretation of your data, while any difference between expectations and results has to be explained in depth with reference to the hypothesis and the overall outcome of the research.

Note: If you have any observations or ideas that came up after your experiment/research, you must write them in this section.


If you found any limitations of your research that could affect your experiment/research so that other scholars can use such knowledge not to make the same mistakes, avoid contradicting results, and more, you must write it in this section.


If you have any recommendations on how to improve this research so that other scholars can use your recommendations, you must write them in this section.


This section is about final thoughts and the summary of the whole work. However, it is used instead of limitations and recommendations sections if the latter two sections would be too small by themselves. Also, no headings for recommendations and limitations sections are required in such case.

Types of Paper: Research Paper

Literature Review as One of the Unique Types of Papers

Below are the main aspects that concern one of the most important types of paper, which is a literature review.


The literature review represents the evaluation of the information researched particularly for the current investigation. Also, such evaluation relies on summary and interpretation of information. Additionally, the description of works should give background information about the topic chosen and present the synthesis of the information in the chosen literature. However, the literature review might also talk about a specific period in history or might cover specific gaps, topics, and subjects among other purposes of its writing.


The literature review summarizes and synthesizes the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions. However, it is organized around ideas, not the sources themselves. Also, it is not like an annotated bibliography would be organized.


Usually, it is a part of a research paper, but it can be in a separate essay form. Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences. In experiment and lab reports they constitute a section of the paper. The overall structure of the literature review might vary from case to case as it might be a simple summary of sources while sometimes it might represent a synthesis and additional research on the interpretation of the literature. It may also be a part of a huge report.

However, when not a part of the research, such a section has an introduction, body, and conclusion. Introduction here is a quick recap of the overall theme of the paper that ends up with a thesis statement. The body of the literature review represents the discussion of sources in a chronological or thematic manner, while methodological patterns are also seen in some cases. Finally, conclusions and recommendations usually represent the answer to the “so what” question of why the literature review was conducted, whether the researcher achieved what was needed, and whether the researcher fulfilled expectations or not. The conclusion must also provide a recap of the literature review and restate the thesis.

Research Proposal as One of the Draft-Like Types of Papers

Research proposals might be different, but the main theme they follow includes the presentation of the background of a specific gap in a specific topic and the proposal of how the researcher will solve such an issue. Hence, the proposal has to come up with some theoretical ways of filling the gap found by the researcher.

Types of Paper: Research Proposal

Narrative Essay Among the Best Types of Papers

This is always fun to write. Narratives appeared to be the best type of papers existing.


Creativity is a must. Such type of work expresses something of importance to highlight specific aspects that influenced one’s perception of reality or life in general.


First-person use. It may include an appeal to the reader’s emotions.


This section should contain a short intro to the story. It sets the tone, represents characters, setting. Also, it has to have a plot with a climax and a conclusion.

Narrative Essay

Narrative Essay Topic Examples

Descriptive Essay

Describe and reflect. Easy as that.


Paints a picture with words. It might describe a place, an object, a person, an experience or something else. It communicates a deeper meaning through the description. The reader must have a clear impression of what you describe.


Use colorful words and sensory details. The essay can appeal to the reader’s emotions and senses. It also uses vivid language (tempestuous instead of violent, miserly instead of cheap).


Organized and logical description.

Expository Essay

Expository essays are undercover. Do not hesitate to place an order using the Request Form.


The expository essay represents facts and writer’s explanation/definition of a short theme, idea or issue. It is also classified as informative writing.


The essay is based on evidence, facts and never on personal feelings. It represents concise points. It does not wander from the topic. Hence, you should never write in the first person or reveal personal emotions in this essay.

Structure of This Type of Papers

The structure relies on the introduction, which must have a well-defined thesis, body paragraphs, and conclusion. One body paragraph, as a rule, explains one general idea. Clear and logical transitions are a must. The conclusion restates the thesis and readdresses it in light of the evidence provided. The essay can have a form of comparison and contrast, example, definition, the analysis of cause and effect.

Argumentative and Persuasive Types of Papers

Debatable topics will never be banished. Therefore, argumentation is important when one presents a personal viewpoint on the subject.


The goal is to do everything it takes to convince the reader of the writer’s point of view; use facts and logic, examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning; the writer should represent all sides of the argument. However, such an essay must be able to communicate clearly why a certain position is right.

Style of This Type of Papers

In an argumentative essay, you are arguing for your opinion as opposed to others. In a persuasive essay, you are directly trying to persuade someone to adopt your point of view. A good transition between paragraphs is important to make ideas clear. Never overuse personal pronouns even if it is not a mistake to use them here. Always try to remain impersonal in your writing.


It all starts with an introduction that sets the context by reviewing the topic in general, explains why the topic is important and presents a clear, concise and defined thesis statement. Further on, body paragraphs include evidential support. One paragraph for one general idea is a rule to follow. Hence, each paragraph must have a logical connection to the thesis statement.

Each paragraph also explains why or how the evidence supports the thesis statement, while one or two of the paragraphs have to consider and explain differing points of view on the topic and provide a counterargument with a refutation of why the counterargument is not valid in light of your evidence. It is important to make sure that only the line where your argument is the only valid one follows your topic. This type of papers ends with a conclusion that has to revisit the thesis statement, not simply restate it in other words, in light of the evidence provided. The common structure for such a paper is a five-paragraph approach, where there are 1 paragraph for intro, 3 paragraphs for the body of the essay, and 1 paragraph for a conclusion.

Need to get into college? Need to get a job? Get it done!


This type of papers is usually referred to as an application essay of a student to an educational facility of choice. Also, it must include a generic autobiographical statement that usually portrays important information about the writer. However, life experiences, goals, and everything that makes the student special have to be identified in the essay. Additionally, the student, through the essay, speaks to the committee, and, by demonstrating specific skills and abilities that he or she might present to their community, it is for the student to win their attention and make sure they realize that he or she is the best candidate for the position of choice.

Also, the student must identify the scope of interest, the background of how he or she got to it, and why the application to this education facility will accomplish the dream of the student to develop in this particular area of investigation.  Finally, prospects might be mentioned at the end of such application essay as it might be important for the committee to see if the students want to pursue the path further, or will stop by accomplishing a minor goal.


The essay must capture the reader’s (committee’s) attention and show how the applicant stands out from the mass. Also, the first person will be a matter of choice in such an essay. Additionally, it can appeal to the reader’s emotions, and that might be the best way to accomplish the dream of a successful application to the university. Hence, such an application essay must be concise, honest, individual, coherent, accurate, vivid, and smart.


The application essay has an introduction (grabbing the reader’s interest from the beginning), body, and conclusion.

Admission Essay

Application Letter Example

Personal Reflection and Response Types of Papers

Do you think I cannot write it on your behalf? Think twice!


This type of essay represents your thoughts and opinions about something (movie, book, incident). It should be mostly about personal insights and observations.

Style of This Type of Papers

Such work uses the first person, own words, and explains how you exactly perceive things.


The essay starts with an introduction with a thesis statement, continues with the body that narrates and describes the subject, and ends with a conclusion (includes judgment and summary).

Book or Movie Review Types of Papers

Such lengthy work can be done by someone else so that you will have an extra week of free time!

Characteristics of This Type of Papers

Represents the plot and its details, at the same time, attract people’s attention to the item.


Can provide personal points of view; the task is not to prove something but to do a reasoned book/movie review, giving causes for reflections.


The essay starts with an introduction and might include a thesis statement. It continues with the main body that represents the data about the reviewed aspect. Also, it might present findings of the direction and production. As a rule, it provides a brief summary of the reviewed piece of investigation, finds out the genre and its distinctive features embodied in the story. After all, it ends with a conclusion (judgmental summary).

Annotated Bibliography

Need to go through tons of literature? Let me help you!


It is usually all about the list of sources with a summary and evaluation of each source. Such type of work is used for researching a topic. Depending on the project may contain one or more of the following: summary, assessment, comparison, and reflection. Hence, the summary of the source includes main ideas, arguments, and points of the source. Additionally, the assessment relies on the evaluation of usefulness. Also, in comparison with other sources deals with the reliability of info and its objectiveness. However, reflection is all about how sources fit into the research project.

Style of This Type of Papers

It is usually written in the third person. However, for evaluation-based annotations, the first person might appear in writing. Also, the author’s ideas have to be properly acknowledged while the overall review has to be based on the author’s implications and terms.


Annotated Bibliography is always written in alphabetical order. However, it represents the list of annotations, which consists of the bibliographic information of the source (appropriately cited source according to the paper formats’ rules). Hence, the majority of such works are written in MLA or APA format, while the annotation in a paragraph form also has a specific structure that is identified as an academic standard. For example, the identified length is usually around 100-150 words (depending on instructions and parts required might exceed the limit).

Types of Paper: Annotated Bibliography
Annotated Bibliography Example

Article Summary

I will read it all and will write a perfect summary paper. Hence, do not worry.


Article summary is a brief representation of the main ideas of the source. Hence, it identifies the source of the original text. Also, the writing always demonstrates an understanding of a text’s subject matter. Additionally, it focuses exclusively on the presentation of the author’s main ideas. Additionally, the summary never includes your interpretations or opinions.


The writing is neutral, without any personal opinion, ideas, illustrations, metaphors, or interpretation. However, summaries normally are written in your own words. As a result, they do not contain extended quotes or paraphrases. Consequently, they rely on the use of standard signal phrases that include but are not limited to “The author believes…,” “according to the author…,”  and many more.

Structure of This Type of Papers

Article summary always starts with an intro that identifies the text to be summarized. It usually talks about the title, the author, background info about the author, and other technical aspects of the source. Also, it might end with a one-sentence thesis statement that sums up the main point of the source. However, one or more body paragraphs include important data but omit minor points. Additionally, the body of the summary might also include one or more of the author’s examples or illustrations. Hence, there is customarily no conclusion to a summary essay. Despite this, never add your own concluding paragraph.

Article, Artwork, Event, and Video Review Types of Papers

No time to attend, read, observe? Let me get this done for you!

Characteristics of This Type of Papers

Review relies on both a summary and an evaluation of another writer’s article/artwork/event/video/etc. Firstly, it has to summarize your article/artwork/event/video/etc. Secondly, the important information, claims, and points have to be highlighted. Moreso, the review also discusses the positive aspects of the information presented. Furthermore, the writer has to think about what the author does well. However, within an essay, the student has to identify contradictions, gaps, and inconsistencies in the text. Also, it is important to state how well the author defends his or her viewpoints, evaluating if there is enough data to say that. Additionally, the review may highlight any gaps and limitations of the specific piece of investigation.


During the writing, it is important to remain impersonal and critical. As a result, personal reflection is allowed.


As always, the review starts with an introduction that identifies what you are going to review, work’s title, author, journal, year, other important details, major aspects of the discussion. Further, the introduction ends with a thesis statement. However, the body part includes a brief summary of the contents and argument of the article. Also, it highlights a critical discussion of the main problems raised in the chosen piece of investigation. After all, the conclusion represents a final evaluation of the overall contribution to the understanding of the topic of the article/artwork/event/etc. Additionally, some parts may talk about its importance on a broader scale.

Rhetorical Analysis Type of Papers

Ethos, Pathos, Logos – I will write it all for you!


The rhetorical analysis provides an overview of strategies the author uses to achieve his or her purpose of writing their piece. Also, the purpose may be different, which are: to inform, persuade, or criticize.  However, the analysis has to clearly understand the audience. Additionally, rhetorical appeals (ethos, logos, pathos), style (diction, tone), and other rhetorical strategies must be explained and discussed in the essay. On the other hand, the student has to identify whether the author’s strategies are successfully applied. Also, the rhetorical analysis might talk about rhetorical fallacies and possible biases.

Style of This Type of Papers

The rhetorical analysis incorporates strong verbs, such as praises, implies, lists, denigrates,  defines, admonishes, contrasts, trivializes, warns, expounds, supports, and establishes among others) instead of weak verbs (tells, explains, states, says, or shows, for example).


It starts with an introduction that represents the author, intended audience and purpose, and ends with a thesis statement. Also, it continues with the body paragraphs that are usually chronologically structured based on rhetoric strategies discussion. After all, the conclusion analyzes the effectiveness of the author’s strategies.

Memo Type of Papers

Need to write a letter at work? I can do that for you! Or, you can always check out recent memo examples on the blog if you want more information on how to write one of your own.


The memo is an internal business letter used to communicate in the organization. It is often written in a business setting and aims for a specific purpose. Usually, it is written to inform colleagues and employees of specific facts that concern everyone within the organization.


The writing has to be concise, formal, thorough, and clear;

Structure of This Type of Papers

TO: Firstname Lastname, Position

FROM: Firstname Lastname, Position

DATE: Month day, year

SUBJECT: Subject

The body of Memo. Attachments at the end of the memo.

Types of Paper: Memo