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Writing is an essential exercise for learners at educationals institutions. Basically, teachers expect learners to submit quality papers. In this case, people should borrow information from external sources to support their argument. Besides, they must follow accurate citations to make their work credible. In particular, Harvard referencing utilizes an author-date approach to acknowledge information borrowed and requires proper capitalization of subheadings and titles and a detailed reference list. 

Following the Author-Date Format

Harvard referencing follows the author-date format. For instance, in-text citations should have the last name of the author and the publication date. In this case, one should leave a space between these details. Besides, learners should identify the exact location of the quoted information. For example, including the page number enhances the credibility of a paper. In practice, a letter “p.” precedes the pagination. In turn, scholars must ensure that a comma goes before “p.” and the details appear in brackets. Thus, Harvard style uses author-date parenthetical citations.

Harvard referencing

Writing Subheadings in Harvard Referencing

Learners should pay attention when writing subheadings in Harvard Referencing. For instance, the first and second level captions should appear in title case. In this way, the main words, like verbs and adverbs, should begin with capital letters. However, conjunctions, articles, and short prepositions should start with small letters. In turn, third and fourth level subtitles should be in sentence case. Also, learners should present these headlines by using lower case writing system. Thus, scholars need to take note of the required style for headings.   

Titles of Sources

Successful students must pay attention when writing titles of sources at Harvard referencing. For example, learners may refer to references in their text. In this case, the names of periodicals must appear in title case. Besides, one should use sentence case. Thus, people should use the appropriate format when referring to various sources.

Harvard Reference List

Harvard style requires one to use a detailed reference list. For instance, learners should include full bibliographic details of the source. In this case, one must include the author’s names, title, and year of publication of every material used in Harvard referencing. Besides, students should include other relevant details identifying a source. For example, identifying the location of sources enhances the credibility of a paper. In turn, scholars should provide accurate Internet links for online sources. Also, for peer-reviewed journals, individuals should include Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). Thus, people should provide accurate and comprehensive details for identifying sources.

Organization of References

Learners must pay attention to the organization of the references. For example, one should arrange all entries logically. In practice, students position the entries in alphabetical order of the writer’s name by considering Harvard referencing. In other instances, learners organize materials authored by the same person chronologically, beginning with the latest. Thus, writers should format the reference list by using the most acceptable format.

Summing Up on Harvard Referencing

In conclusion, Harvard referencing requires students to use the author-date in-text citation format. Basically, people include the last name of the author, year of publication, and pagination. In this case, they should pay attention to the form of headings and titles. Also, they should use sentence and title cases appropriately. Then, the reference list should contain relevant details of the sources. In turn, the approach enhances the credibility of an essay, covering the rules of Harvard style guide. Finally, one should organize ideas following a chronological or alphabetical order.

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