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The Turabian style is a standard documentation style that people practice in multiple disciplines. Basically, the internalization of the referencing style is quite challenging because of the lengthy manual and requirements. Also, students and other scholars must follow the main standards of this writing format to provide high-quality works. In particular, the note-bibliography form of the Turabian style focuses on its main elements and the distinct features.

Main Elements

The Turabian style is a documentation technique that manifests in the form of footnotes or endnotes and a bibliography. Basically, the note-bibliography style uses superscript numbers situated after the closing punctuation mark of the statement that contains paraphrased or quoted material. In this case, superscript numbers are a convenient approach to citation where the text of the essay has no distracting information. Also, a footnote or endnote that begins with a number corresponding to a superscript number provides the author’s name, the source’s title, publication facts, and a page number. Hence, the content of a footnote enables the reader to identify the source and the exact location of the borrowed information within the source.

Turabian style

Other Aspects

People place footnotes on the same page where the superscript appears while they put endnotes at the end of the essay or after individual chapters. For instance, writers present a list of all the sources the final element of a paper with the title “Bibliography.” Basically, this list is useful because it allows the audience to evaluate the sources. In this case, this method illustrates the paper’s relationship to previous works on the topic. Thus, writers may use any form of the note-bibliography Turabian style except for instances when the instructor or publisher identifies a preferred form.

Distinct Features of Turabian Style

The notes and bibliography entries have identical content but different formats. For instance, people design a note as part of the readable text. In this case, it implies that the traditional sentence structure restrains the punctuation and ordering of elements. Also, a comma separates most elements, and the closing punctuation indicates the end of the citation. In turn, the names of the author appear in the traditional order. Then, a bibliographical entry in the Turabian style is a listing of necessary publication details. Basically, people separate most elements by periods because it must not cause confusion. Moreover, periods separate unrelated elements of the bibliography entry while related elements are separated using commas. On the other hand, the names of the first author appear in inverted order. Thus, the variation in the styling of notes and bibliography entries is a consequence of their roles in the body of the essay.

Shortened Notes

Shortened notes in the Turabian format are unique adaptations used in the Turabian style. For instance, a shortened note appears after a complete note has been provided in the text. In this case, subsequent citations of a source should contain only enough information. Basically, it facilitates the location of a complete footnote or bibliographical entry. Also, there are three types of shortened notes: author-only, title-only, and author-title. In turn, the format chosen should be used consistently throughout the essay. Hence, shortened notes eliminate the need for repetition of lengthy complete footnotes or endnotes.

Conclusion on Turabian Style

A Turabian styled paper has two distinct elements: notes and a bibliography. Basically, complete notes and bibliographical entries consist of the same information with slight variations in punctuation and order of the author’s names. In turn, shortened notes simplify the complex complete note form. Thus, the Turabian style is a unique documentation format.

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