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The Chicago manual of style citation provides detailed explanations regarding the formatting guidelines. Basically, students and researchers must learn these guidelines to follow academic standards. In this case, it is necessary for the users of this style to conceptualize its precedence over other referencing techniques. Because the Chicago style or Turabian format is widely applicable across various disciplines, the note-bibliography standard provides certain advantages concerning the citation form, integration of discursive and bibliographical notes, and bibliography types.

General Advantage

People apply the Chicago manual of style citation in different citation forms to suit the specific needs of various disciplines. For example, they use the notes-bibliography format in humanities among other paper formats by considering the Chicago style. In this case, writers cover the author-date style in social, natural, and physical sciences for different types of papers. Moreover, the Chicago format or Turabian citation is applicable in a relatively large number of disciplines. Consequently, researchers are often at an advantage if they have mastered the Chicago style citation or Turabian format because it allows them to communicate effectively to various dimensions of the academic sphere without necessarily learning alternative referencing styles. Notably, the two citation forms cannot be interchangeably used within one essay.

Chicago manual of style citation

The Superiority of the Notes-Bibliography Style in Chicago/Turabian

Using footnotes in the Chicago manual of style citation has some advantage over the conventional parenthetical citations. For instance, footnotes do not divert the reader’s attention from the evidence by placing the sources’ publication details within the text of the essay in the Chicago style format. In turn, parenthetical citations may interfere with the reader’s attention, especially in cases of multiple sources. Hence, expert readers may benefit significantly from footnotes because they can engage with the sources that interest them selectively. Moreover, the Chicago/Turabian style attempts to create a high level of convenience for the audience by eliminating distracting elements in the text while providing an ideal means of source documentation.

Chicago Manual of Style Citation on Footnotes

Footnotes in the Chicago manual of style citation provide the authors with much flexibility. In the Chicago/Turabian style, people present content and bibliographical footnotes in an integrated fashion. Basically, this integration provides a referencing and discursive style that the audience can follow easily. In turn, alternative referencing styles use footnotes. However, they have relatively intricate structures. As a result, it is difficult to comprehend because parenthetical citations restrict bibliographical information, for instance, the Modern Language Association style.


The structure of the Chicago bibliography is not rigid. It is because there are a variety of bibliography formats that authors may choose depending on the target audience and the nature of the sources. For example, there are four main types of bibliographies in the Chicago manual of style citation: sources consulted or bibliography, selected bibliography, single-author bibliography, and annotated bibliography. Basically, the bibliography type selected by the author should provide adequate, relevant information to the reader either through omission (selected bibliography) or inclusion of additional information (annotated bibliography). In turn, the reference list formats in other citation styles are relatively rigid and do not extend similar freedom to authors.

Conclusion on
Chicago Manual of Style Citation

The Chicago manual of style citation appears to be dominant over other citation techniques. In this case, readers are not inconvenienced by parenthetical citation. However, they enjoy a relatively straightforward presentation of both footnotes and content notes. Additionally, authors are provided with some extent of freedom in creating the bibliography when they cite Chicago. Hence, the multi-disciplinary use of the Chicago/Turabian style is not the only edge it has over other referencing formats.

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