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The Chicago style format is typical in humanities. Basically, this writing format requires writers to reference using footnotes and organizing a bibliography section. In this case, people use the Chicago referencing style or Turabian format to comment on the quoted sources in humanities. The footnote-bibliography system helps writers to avoid plagiarism in their work. Moreover, the effective use of the system enhances the credibility of sources. In particular, the Chicago style format is a referencing method that uses footnotes, endnotes, and bibliography entry to establish accountability to the source material. 

Footnotes in Chicago or Turabian Formats

The Chicago style format or Turabian citation requires a writer to use footnotes for in-text citations. For instance, footnotes should accompany direct quotes, paraphrase, or summary. In this case, a person must use footnotes to acknowledge information obtained from other sources in the Chicago style citation or Turabian format. Also, footnotes should appear at the end of the page containing the quoted information. In turn, people should use superscript numbers, corresponding to the note with bibliographic details of a source at the end of the quoted text. Along these lines, only superscript numbers should appear inside the text in the Chicago manual of style.

Chicago style format

Other Features

Details of the source used should appear at the end of the page. The Chicago style format or Turabian referencing requires one to use author details for the second and subsequent footnote. Particularly, people should not include all bibliographic information of the source after citing for a second or succeeding time. Instead, they should use the surname of the source’s author followed by the page- or paragraph-number, following the Chicago manual of style citation. Thus, the Chicago referencing style utilizes footnotes for in-text citations and endnotes for comments to make sources accountable.


In the Chicago style format or Turabian referencing, authors can use endnotes to comment about specific sources used. For example, one should include endnotes after a chapter or the entire work, depending on its length. Along these lines, endnotes should appear after every chapter in a book or before the Chicago bibliography for essays or shorter works. Besides, a writer should only use endnotes upon request by an instructor. Otherwise, a person should use footnotes to cite sources. Thus, authors can include endnotes for documents prepared in the Chicago referencing style to account for sources.

Chicago Style Format and a Bibliography Page

Writers must include the bibliography page containing all sources quoted. For instance, the bibliography provides full publication details of references. Along these lines, one must include the names of the author, title of the source, and year of publication. Besides, a writer should provide the range of pages, the digital object identifier, and link to the source where applicable. In turn, the format of the bibliography page should follow a chronological order. Hence, people should list references in the alphabetical order of authors’ surnames when they cite Chicago. Moreover, they should list titles consecutively for sources that do not have authors. Thus, a credible scholarly work written in the Chicago style format should have the bibliography page.


In conclusion, the Chicago style format requires a writer to cite information precisely. Basically, a document should have footnotes for in-text citations, considering the Chicago style citation manual. In some cases, a person can include comments about a source as endnotes. Along these lines, endnotes should appear after every chapter or before the bibliography of a source. Finally, people must include all the references used in the footnotes at the separate bibliography page. Usually, the page contains all relevant details that identify a source by considering the Chicago style example.

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