Free Problem and Solution Essay Topics: 100 Examples of Ideas in 2020-2021

Writing a problem and solution essay allows students to utilize their analytical and research skills. Basically, the main goal is to highlight a problem, its underlying cause(s), and possible solution(s). In this case, the best approach in writing this type of essay is to address some features that define a topic of a problem and solution essay. Also, these features include specific problems, a thesis statement, a highlight of several possible solutions, evidence, and analysis. Hence, this article on problem and solution essay topics covers guidelines to follow with possible themes to use.

General Guidelines

When writing essays, students use different strategies to make their writing impactful. Basically, one of the strategies most useful in writing problem and solution essays is persuasion. For example, the goal of these essays is to persuade readers that there is a problem that requires a resolution. As such, a thesis statement captures a covered problem, its causes, and a final solution. Moreover, the most challenging part of problem and solution essay topics is constructing its themes. In essence, writers must capture several elements: a problem that requires a solution, a thesis statement, a highlight of several possible solutions, evidence, and analysis. Also, these elements define a skeleton of a problem and solution essay topic. Unlike standard essays where a theme is also a paper’s title, a topic in a problem and solution essay is laid out in the introduction section.

Problem and solution essay topics

Types of Problem and Solution Essays

The goal of a problem-solution essay is to identify a problem, its underlying cause(s), and the final solution(s). For example, these three features define the basic characteristics of problem and solution essays, which come in three different types. Basically, the first type involves essays that outline a problem and solution topic, meaning they analyze issues about this problem and its causes and recommend a solution. Then, the second type concerns essays that describe the cause of a problem and its solution. Also, they do not focus on a problem but its causes. Further on, the third type relates to essays that address a solution only. In turn, after outlining a problem in the introduction part, the main text focuses on analyzing the answer to this issue. 

Examples of Problem and Solution Essay Topics

1. Problem and Solution Prompts on Social Media

  • The Dangers of Addiction to Social Media

Address addiction to social media as a problem and discusses its adverse impacts. Look at how such addiction affects individuals, families, and communities.

  • The Challenges of Evolving Social Networks

Explore issues that complicate social networks’ evolution as a problem and suggest solutions. In this case, some challenges can serve as underlying factors of this complication. 

  • Negative Impacts of Social Media on Socialization

Here, social media’s adverse impact on people’s socialization is a problem that individuals seek to investigate and offer a solution. 

  • How Facebook and Twitter Have Redefined Communication?

Explore how social media platforms have undermines face-to-face communication.

  • Social Media and Social Activism

Address the weaknesses of social media platforms in facilitating social activism as a problem.

  • Social Media in Education

Explore the problem of social media platforms in enhancing student-teacher engagement.

  • Effects of Social Media on Individuality

Explore how social media affects interpersonal relationships.

  • The Necessity of Parental Guidance in Teens’ Use of Social Media

Address how addiction to social media affects academic performance.

  • The Future of Social Media Networks

Explore some barriers that are likely to undermine the growth of social media platforms.

  • How Social Media Affects the Home Environment?

Explore how social media creates conflict between teens and their parents and siblings.

2. Problem and Solution Essay Topics on Environmental Pollution

  • Air Pollution and Public Health

Discuss how air pollution leads to health complications.

  • What Leads to Water Pollution?

Addresses water pollution as a problem and explore underlying causes.

  • The Politics of Global Warming

Address how failed policies have contributed to global warming.

  • The Human Element in Environmental Pollution

Discuss how deforestation affects the natural environment.

  • Industries as Lead Agents in Air, Land, and Water Pollution

Discuss the harm that manufacturing plants cause the natural environment.

  • The Case for Environmental Protection and Conservation

Discuss the harm that deforestation and oil exploration causes the natural environment.

  • The Economic and Social Benefits of Conserving the Environment

Discuss the economic and social costs of environmental pollution.

  • The Health Costs of Environmental Pollution

Explore how policies that promote the exploitation of mineral resources lead to health complications.

  • Youth and the Environment

Address activities that youth engage in that endanger the natural ecosystem.

  • The Danger of Particulate Matter

Discuss industries as the primary sources of particulate matter.

3. Problem and Solution Essay Themes on Substance Use and Abuse

  • The Benefits of Group Therapy for Drug Addicts

Discuss drug addiction as a problem and how group therapy is essential as an intervention.

  • What Leads to Drug Addiction?

Identify unemployment as a leading cause of drug use and abuse in low-income communities.

  • The Social Environment and the Drug Problem

Explore how urbanization has led to a drug problem.

  • Effectiveness of Government Policies in the Fight Against Opioid Abuse

Address the problem of opioid abuse and explain how the government’s policies are helping to reverse the trend.

  • The Essence Group Therapy as Substance Use and Abuse Intervention

Explore the problem of hard drugs and how group therapy helps addicts recover from addiction.

  • The Health Implications of Substance Use and Abuse

Discuss how addiction to drugs undermines one’s health.

  • Should Marijuana Be Legalized?

Highlight the health effects of marijuana use to argue against its legalization. Use health effects as a problem associated with the drug.

  • The Case for Medical Marijuana

Highlight pain as the basis for marijuana legalization for medical purposes. In this case, pain that results from health complications would be the problem that requires a solution.

  • The Case for Recreational Marijuana

Claim that, despite the illegality of marijuana consumption, evidence shows that many people are buying the drug in the black market. As such, this illegal trade would be the problem whose solution would be the legalization of the drug for recreational purposes.

  • Causes of Substance Use Disorders

Here, the writer can link the trend of substance abuse disorders to dysfunctional families to claim that family therapy is an effective intervention for the problem. In this case, the trend of substance abuse would be the problem, and one of its leading causes would be the breakdown of the family unit.

4. Problem and Solution Essay Topics on Endangered Species

  • The Importance of Conserving Endangered Species
  • The Value of the Natural Ecosystem in Protecting Endangered Species
  • The Protection of Endangered Species: The Role of the Government
  • The Protection of Endangered Species: The Importance of Game Reserves and National Game Parks
  • Endangered Species and Global Tourism
  • Endangered Species and Climate Change
  • Human Encroachment as a Threat to Endangered Species
  • The Importance of Raising Awareness About Endangered Species
  •  The Protection of Endangered Species: The Role of the Community
  • Endangered Species: Policy Failure or Natural Phenomenon?

5. Problem and Solution Assignment on Obesity

  • The Health Effects of Obesity
  • Causes of Childhood Obesity
  • Obesity and the Food Culture
  • Obesity and the Fast-Food Craze
  • Obesity and Self-Esteem
  • Obesity and Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Obesity and the Social Environment
  • The Problem of Obesity in America
  • Obesity and Parenting
  • Obesity in Adolescence

6. Problem and Solution Prompts on Mental Health

  • The Reality of Anxiety and Depression in American Youth
  • Factors Responsible for Mental Disorders
  • The Strength and Weaknesses of the US Mental Health Care System
  • Mental Health and US Veterans
  • The Importance of Family in the Fight Against Severe Depression
  • Mental Health and the Race Factor
  • The Evolution of Mental Health Disorders
  • Effective Interventions Against Mental Health Disorders
  • The Importance of Psychiatric Institutions
  • Social Workers and Community Mental Health Care

7. Problem and Solution Essay Topics on Criminal Justice Systems

  • The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Criminal Justice System
  • Is the US Criminal Justice System Fair?
  • Racial Disparity in the US Prison System
  • The Problem of Prison Overpopulation in the US
  • The Role of the Criminal Justice System in Addressing Runaway Crime
  • The Burden of the Criminal Justice System to the Government
  • Is the Role of the Criminal Justice System to Rehabilitate or Punish?
  • Is Incarceration the Solution to Juvenile Delinquency?
  • The Case for Diversionary Programs as an Alternative to Incarceration
  • Recidivism: Causes and Solutions

8. Samples of Problem and Solution Ideas on Higher Education

  • Higher Education as a Path Towards Economic and Social Mobility
  • The Pros and Cons of a University Education
  • Does the Lack of a College Degree Reduce One’s Economic Prospects?
  • Higher Education in the Era of Multiculturalism
  • The Case for Virtual Learning in Higher Education
  • Do Student Loans Lead to High College Enrolment?
  • The Importance of Student Loans
  • The Importance of College Fraternities for International College Students
  • The Value of a College Degree
  • Higher Education and the Labor Market

9. Examples of Problem and Solution Themes on Homelessness

  • The Problem of Homelessness in Major World Cities
  • Homelessness as a Problem of the Government
  • Homelessness as a Problem of the Community
  • Homelessness and Poor Government Policies
  • Homelessness as Evidence of Economic Inequality
  • The Link Between Homelessness and Mental Health
  • Factors Underlying the Increasing Number of Homeless People in America
  • The solution to the Homelessness Problem
  • Is Homelessness a Result of Policy Failure or Inadequate Houses?
  • Is Affordable Housing the Solution to the Problem of Homelessness?

10. Problem and Solution Ideas on Globalization

  • Is Globalization to Blame for Increased Cases of Corporate Fraud?
  • Globalization and Growth of Multinational Corporations
  • Globalization and International Trade
  • Is There a Link Between Globalization and Child Labor?
  • The Pros and Cons of Globalization
  • Should Governments Worry About Borderless Trade?
  • The Case for Internationalizing a Business Enterprise
  • Globalization and Foreign Policy
  • Is Globalization to Blame for Today’s Consumerism Culture?
  • What is the Economic Benefit of Globalization for the Developing Countries?

Constructing Problem and Solution Essay Topics: Step-by-Step Guide

In academic writing, students follow an essay structure when organizing different aspects of texts, including the introduction, body, and conclusion sections. For example, it is standard for students to use a thesis statement in the introduction part to provide the main argument of their texts. When constructing a problem and solution essay, students create topics that guide the focus of their writing. Unlike in other articles, topics in problem and solution essays are properly constructed in the introduction section. In other words, while students may use a short topic as the title of their text, the full construction of the theme is in the introduction part. As noted in the previous section on examples of problem and solution essay topics, authors clarify the purpose of their writing in the introduction section.

Skeleton of Problem and Solution Essay Topics

In a problem and solution essay, students analyze a problem and propose a solution. Basically, problems that they choose to analyze should indicate some challenges but such issues should be possible to resolve. In turn, a skeleton of a problem and solution essay topic has the following characteristics:

  1. A description of a problem that requires a solution.
  2. A thesis statement that defines a problem and offers a real solution
  3. Identification of several possible solutions.
  4. Evidence in a form of specific facts, details, examples, and reasons in favor of a particular solution.
  5. An analytical tone.

Altering Problem and Solution Essay Topics for Different Purposes

By considering a skeleton of a problem and solution essay topic, students must emphasize the basic characteristics in the introduction part of their essays. In essence, authors address three issues when constructing a topic in a problem and solution essay. For example, these elements are a problem, a cause, and a solution. In this case, everything else that scholars write, including the thesis, evidence, and analysis, revolves around these three issues. Therefore, when writing different problem and solution essays, all students need to do is alter the approach that they take in constructing a topic. Concerning a problem, they have to look at real issues and situations about what they intend to write. About a cause, writers have to look at real reasons for a problem, and, about a solution, they have to look at what has been done or has not been done to address this problem.

Template for a Problem and Solution Essay Topic

Like all standard types of essays, a problem and solution essay has a template or structure. Basically, the key features of this template are five sections that enable writers to address each element of a skeleton highlighted above. For example, these sections include the introduction, problem, solution, and conclusion parts. Thus, a simple essay outline for problem and solution essay topics should appear as follows:

I. Introduction
II. Problem
III. Solution
IV. Conclusion

Content in Each of the Sections

As indicated, all sections of a problem and solution essay give writers a structure that addresses the skeleton’s key features. In summary, the introduction part outlines the writer’s objective captured in the thesis statement. Then, the problem part describes the problem that authors address in their texts. As indicated, students discuss issues and situations about what they intend to write. Here, scholars can use paragraphs to outline some causes of a problem. Further on, the solution part describes what authors perceive to be a solution to a problem. Also, they can use different paragraphs to argue for different solutions. In turn, the conclusion part must cover a summary of a problem and a solution outlined in the introduction section and discussed in body paragraphs.

I. Introduction Paragraph

Like a standard essay, the introduction of a problem and solution essay should give readers an idea about the writer’s mission. As indicated previously, students can not capture all the topic’s skeleton features in the paper’s title. As such, the introduction part is where authors address important aspects, concluding with the thesis statement. In turn, thesis statements must identify problems, its causes, and valid solutions.

II. Problem Section

As part of the main text (body), a problem section is where students delve into a problem and its cause(s). Here, writers use an analytical tone to highlight researched issues that pertain to this problem. Also, a common approach for authors is to offer background information or context of a problem. In turn, such an approach enables scholars to go into details about situations, such as failures of government policies, which underpin the existence of an issue.

III. Solution Part

The solution section is part of the main text. Here, students overview the main problem to provide a context for the actual solution. In essence, the overview involves reiterating the critical message of the thesis statement. After that, authors highlight what they see as the solution to the problem. Also, if several issues underpin the problem’s existence, writers need to use different paragraphs to recommend appropriate solutions.

IV. Conclusion Paragraph

The conclusion section is the part of an academic text that enables students to conclude their writing. Here, authors restate the thesis statement. In turn, this action involves highlighting the key features of the skeleton of the problem and solution essay topic. Besides restating the thesis, writers offer their personal concluding thoughts about the problem, its cause(s), and recommended solution(s). As a result, such opinions may include advocating for policy reform, legislation, or research.

Summing Up on Problem and Solution Essay Topics

Writing a problem and solution essay is an academic exercise that allows students to use research and analytical skills. Basically, the main goal of such an article is to highlight a problem and how to resolve it. In this case, writers need to use an analytical tone in addressing this issue. Here, students research a specific problem to discover its causes, and, then, relying on research findings, they propose a real solution. In essence, these activities underscore the importance of constructing problem and solution essay topics. Hence, students need to master the following tips:

  • highlight a problem that needs a resolution;
  • construct a thesis statement to define a problem, its causes, and a solution;
  • identify several possible solutions if a problem has several underlying causes;
  • use evidence in a form of specific facts, details, examples, and reasons to recommend a particular solution.
  • follow an analytical tone to investigate a problem and its causes and recommend a solution.