How to Cite a DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6: Guidelines With Examples

The DSM refers to a handbook used by clinicians and psychiatrists in the United States. Basically, there exist different editions of the DSM manuals. In practice, the manual contains information regarding all mental-related health disorders for adults and children. Also, one may find descriptions, symptoms, and other details required to diagnose psychological health conditions in the DSM. Then, other essential details include statistics about the gender differences concerning the psychiatric conditions, the age of onset, effects of management, and conventional treatment methods. In this case, the 6th and 7th editions of APA have specific guidelines that one should follow. Moreover, both methods require one to use correct in-text citations and bibliographic entries. In both cases, citation entries should contain the author, publication date, the DSM-5’s title, version of the manual, and the DOI or link. When citing chapters, writers should include their full entries after the publication date. Besides, in-text citations contain the author and publication date. In turn, the main difference between APA 6th and 7th editions is the use of initials and versions in in-text citations. Finally, students may use the acronym “DSM-5” inside the text, which must follow the full transcription when used first. Hence, scholars need to learn how to cite a DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6 to provide high-quality essays and research papers.

General Guidelines of Citing a DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Health (DSM) refers to a handbook used by clinicians and psychiatrists in the United States. Basically, these health practitioners use the DSM to diagnose mental illnesses. For instance, the DSM contains details about all mental-related health disorders for all people. In this case, one may find descriptions, symptoms, and other details required to diagnose psychological health conditions for children and adults. Besides, the manual contains statistics about the gender differences concerning psychiatric conditions. Then, other details include the age of onset, effects of management, and conventional treatment approaches. Moreover, mental health practitioners use the manual when classifying patients for billing purposes. Hence, students have to learn how to cite a DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6.

How to cite a DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6

DSM Editions

The diagnostic and statistical manual has seven updates, with DSM-5 being the latest. Basically, the number of diagnoses changed in each DSM’s update. In this case, the current version contains details on anxiety, bi-polar, depressive, feeding and eating, obsessive-compulsive, and personality disorders. Also, the document contains more diagnoses, like binge eating, hoarding, and premenstrual dysphoric disorders, which are not present in other manuals. However, the DSM-5 lacks a section on Asperger’s disorder, which appears as a subtopic under the autism spectrum category.

Credibility of a DSM-5

Scholars cite evidence from DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6 when writing papers on psychological disorders. In particular, the DSM-5 contains credible details for supporting scholarly arguments. However, one must follow the necessary guidelines when citing evidence from DSM-5. For example, APA 7th and 6th manuals provide clear guidelines for in-text citations and bibliographic entries. Also, there exist slight differences between the two methods. In turn, this guide provides the necessary steps that a writer must follow to prepare credible citations for the DSM-5. Besides, guiding principles entail citing manuals found in various forms and their chapters.

Citing a DSM-5 in the APA 7th Edition

The APA 7th edition requires writers to provide credible citations to avoid unnecessary cases of plagiarism. Basically, one must identify adequate details to ensure that the APA citation meets the necessary standards. Hence, possible guidelines that one must use for bibliographic entries and in-text citations are:

1. Bibliographic Entry for APA 7

The bibliographic entry of the DSM-5 must contain the name of the publishing organization, date, and title. In some cases, writers should include more bibliographic details, depending on the type of sources. Basically, entries for the DSM-5 obtained from a website must contain an accurate DOI or link. In this case, one must use periods to separate all the details in bibliographic entries. Moreover, the APA 7th edition does not require commas for the reference list entries. In turn, the title of the DSM-5 must appear as italicized. Hence, the following is the citation scheme and actual example of a reference entry for the DSM-5 in APA 7:

Citation scheme of a DSM-5 in APA 7:

  • The Publishing Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of the DSM-5 (Edition of the Manual). DOI

Example of a reference entry of a DSM-5 in APA 7:

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

The scheme and example provided above show that the DSM-5’s title appears in a sentence case. Also, only the first word and nouns should begin with uppercase letters. In turn, other words must start with lowercase letters.

2. Citing a Chapter of a DSM-5 in APA 7

The APA 7th edition allows scholars to cite information obtained from a specific chapter. In some instances, one may opt to cite details from a specific section. Basically, the title of the chapter must follow the publication year and should appear in a sentence case. Also, one must use the phrase “In” before the DSM-5’s title. In turn, the bibliographic entry must capture the chapter’s title. Hence, examples of a scheme and bibliographic entry that contains a chapter are:

Sheme Sample of a Chapter of a DSM-5 in APA 7:

  • The Publishing Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of the chapter cited. In Title of the DSM-5 (Edition of the Manual). DOI or Link

Reference Sample of a Chapter of a DSM-5 in APA 7:

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Cautionary statement for forensic use of DSM-5. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

One must observe collection punctuations when developing bibliographic entries that contain chapters. For instance, details should appear between periods. Also, one must avoid separating the entry and DSM-5 title with a comma.

3. In-Text Citation Rules for a DSM-5 in APA 7

The APA 7th edition requires writers to use three types of in-text citations. In this case, authors may decide to use parenthetical and narrative in-text citations. Also, the two methods require students to follow the necessary guidelines. Hence, schemes and actual citations that one should use to avoid accidental plagiarism are:

Parenthetical In-Text Citation. The APA citation format should include edition, initials, and author, and publication date. Also, a semicolon should separate the edition and initials. However, one should use a comma to separate the author and publication date. In turn, details must appear inside the rounded parenthesis when citing a DSM-5 in APA 7.

  • (Edition; Initials; Author, Publication Year)
  • (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

Narrative In-Text Citation. A writer may decide to use narrative formats to make the necessary citations. In this case, one should include the author, publication year, title of the source, initials, and edition. Besides, only the publication year, edition, and initials should appear inside rounded brackets. Then, the title of the source should appear in the title case and italicize all the words. Also, one should use a comma to separate the edition and initials of the manual. In turn,, all significant words must begin with uppercase letters. Hence, the following is the scheme and example of the in-text citation:

  • Author (Publication Year) Title of the DSM-5, (Edition; Initials)
  • American Psychiatric Association’s (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5)

Subsequent In-Text Citation. Lengthy papers may require scholars to use subsequent in-text citations. In this case, one must use the correct format to meet the specifications. For parenthetical citations, one should use the following format:

  • (Author, Publication Date)
  • (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

Narrative in-text citations require one to include the publication date in parenthesis only. In this case, the author’s name should not appear inside the rounded brackets. Besides, one should not use a comma to separate these details. Hence, the following is the scheme and example of the subsequent narrative in-text citation:  

  • Author (Publication Date)
  • American Psychiatric Association (2013)

4. Footnote in APA 7

Footnotes play a significant role in providing additional details about in-text citations in APA 7. Basically, one should insert superscripts following any punctuation mark in the body of the paper. However, the superscript should not follow a dash. Then, the footnote callout should only appear inside the parenthesis if it pertains to the information enclosed. Moreover, one should not include the footnote callout in the heading. In turn, actual footnotes should appear at the bottom of the page on which they appear. Hence, the following is the example of a footnote for a DSM-5 in the APA 7th edition:

  • 1For more information about diagnostic criteria and codes, see chapter 2 of this DSM-5.

One may include APA footnotes in a separate page of the document. For instance, APA footnotes should appear after the reference page. Also, one must center the bolded title “footnote.” In turn, each footnote entry should begin at 5 inches from the left margin.

Citing a DSM-5 in the APA 6th Edition

The APA 6th edition omitted some details when developing DSM-5 citations. Hence, some guidelines for developing the bibliographic entry, in-text citation, and footnote are:

1. Bibliographic Entry for APA 6

Bibliographic entries for citing the DSM-5 in APA 6 must contain the name of the publishing organization, date, and title. Basically, writers should look for other essential details, like the DOI for the manuals found in online databases or links. Moreover, scholars should use periods to separate bibliographic details in each entry. As a rule, one should italicize the DSM-5’s title. Besides, one should write the title in a sentence case, which resembles the 7th edition. Hence, the following is the scheme and actual example of a reference entry for the DSM-5 in APA 6th edition.

Citation scheme for a DSM-5 in APA 6:

  • The Publishing Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of the DSM-5 (Edition of the Manual). DOI or Link

Reference example for a DSM-5 in APA 6:

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

2. Citing a Chapter of a DSM-5 in APA 6

The APA 6th edition allows students to obtain evidence from a specific subjection or chapter. In this case, the title of the cited section must appear in a sentence case, following the year of publication. Also, writers should use the phrase “In” before the DSM-5’s title. Hence, the following is the correct format for citing a chapter from a DSM-5 in APA 6 that one must follow when writing the entry.

Citation scheme of a DSM-5’s chapter in APA 6:

  • The Publishing Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of the chapter cited. In Title of the DSM-5 (Edition of the Manual). DOI or Link

Example of a reference of a DSM-5’s chapter in APA 6:

  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic criteria and codes. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Citation samples provided above shows that periods must separate all the details included in the title. Also, students must avoid using other punctuation marks like commas when preparing bibliographic entries for a DSM-5’s chapter in APA 6.  

3. In-Text Citation Rules for a DSM-5 in APA 6

The APA 6th edition requires writers to use parenthetical and narrative in-text citations. In both cases, one can use subsequent in-text citations. Hence, examples of citation formats and actual in-text citations below show specific guidelines that one should follow:

Parenthetical In-Text Citations. APA in-text citations should include the author and publication date. Basically, students should use a comma to separate the author and publication date, which must appear inside the rounded parenthesis. 

  • (Author, Publication Year)
  • (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

Narrative Citation. A writer may decide to use narrative formats inside the text. As a rule, narrative entries should include the author and publication year. In this case, the publication year must appear inside rounded brackets. Then, the author’s name should not appear in the brackets. Besides, one should use a space to separate the author and publication date contained inside brackets. Hence, a prudent writer should use the following scheme and example of the narrative in-text citation:

  • Author (Publication Year)
  • American Psychiatric Association (2013)

Subsequent Citation. The APA 6th edition requires scholars to use subsequent citations to support all the quoted or paraphrased details. Basically, writers must use the correct format to avoid all forms of plagiarism in their essays or research papers. Hence, the following scheme and example show the correct format of the subsequent parenthetical citation:

  • (Author, Publication Date)
  • (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)

Subsequent narrative in-text citations require one to use the author and publication year. In this case, the publication date must appear inside the rounded brackets. Also, students should use a space to separate the author’s name and the publication date. Hence, the following scheme and example show the correct subsequent narrative in-text citation.

  • Author (Publication Date)
  • American Psychiatric Association (2013)

4. Footnote in APA 6

Writers use APA footnotes in APA 6 when providing more details concerning a citation. As a rule, one must insert superscripts following any punctuation mark in the paper’s body, which acts as the footnote callout. However, the supper script should precede a dash. Also, footnotes should not appear in the heading or inside brackets. In exceptional cases, students may include the footnote callout inside the brackets if it supports the details enclosed. Hence, one should use the following scheme to format the footnote in the APA 6th edition.

  • 1For more information about emerging measures and models, see chapter 3 of this DSM-5.

The APA 6th edition requires one to include footnotes in a separate page of the document, which appears as endnotes. In this case, notes should appear after the reference page, which contains a centered and bolded title “footnote.” Moreover, one should indent each entry at five inches from the margin.

Differences in Citing a DSM-5 Between APA 7th and 6th Editions

The main difference between the 7th and 6th editions in APA is the use of initials and versions. For the APA 7th edition, parenthetical in-text citations should include the version of the manual and initials. In this case, the actual in-text citation should appear (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Also, these details should appear inside the rounded parenthesis. Then, the narrative in-text citation should appear as Author (Publication Year) Title of the DSM-5, (Edition; Initials). In particular, one must include the publication date, and the manual’s version and initials inside the brackets.

Using the Acronym “DSM-5”

The APA 7th edition allows scholars to use the acronym “DSM-5.” For instance, students should use the acronym in the in-text citation. In this case, a semicolon must separate the acronym and manual’s author. Moreover, the DSM-5 should precede the manual’s version. In other instances, writers may use this acronym inside the text. Basically, APA formatting rules require one to write the full transcription of the acronym followed by its short form in the bracket. In turn, subsequent forms should appear as the DSM-5.  

Summing Up on How to Cite a DSM-5 in APA 7 and 6

The DSM-5 refers to a handbook used by clinicians and psychiatrists in the United States. Basically, the manual contains information regarding all mental-related health disorders for adults and children. When looking for descriptions, symptoms, and other details required for diagnosing psychological health conditions, writers use this manual. Then, other important details may include statistics about the gender differences concerning the psychiatric conditions, the age of onset, effects of management, and conventional treatment approaches. In this case, the APA 6th and 7th editions have specific guidelines that one should follow. Hence, some of the essential tips include:

1. Bibliographic entries in the 6th and 7th edition should appear as:

  • Publishing Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of the DSM-5 (Edition of the Manual). DOI or Link

2. Bibliographic entries that contain a chapter’s title should appear as:

  • The Publishing Organization. (Year of Publication). Title of the chapter cited. In Title of the DSM-5 (Edition of the Manual). DOI or Link

3. Parenthetical in-text citations in the APA 6th edition should appear as:

  • (Author, Publication Year)

4. Parenthetical in-text citations in the APA 7th edition should appear as:

  • (Edition; Initials; Author, Publication Year)

5. The main difference between APA 6th and 7th editions is the use of initials and versions in the in-text citation.

6. Students may use the acronym “DSM-5” inside the text. In this case, APA formatting rules require one to write the full transcription of the acronym followed by its short form in the bracket.