A dissertation is a type of paper that people need to know if they want to be scholars. Basically, dissertations are documents that indicate the scientific research. In turn, scholars cannot write dissertations without experiments and data analysis. Because the dissertation is a scientific paper, this document must bring something new into science. However, not all of the people are familiar with the format. Therefore, this five-chapter dissertation method of writing and organizing the paper can help in conducting a scientific study.
Content of a Dissertation
At the end of any university program, all students conduct a study and write their dissertations. For example, the dissertation is one of the types of papers that provides the student with the opportunity to demonstrate mastery of content. In particular, the dissertation is the documentation of complete research paper with five main chapters: introduction, literature review, method, results, and discussion.
Chapter 1: Introduction
The “Introduction” chapter is the first part of the dissertations. Basically, this section explains the research problem and the resultant research question by outlining the reasoning of the study. In turn, this part of the dissertation begins with a general discussion in the area of interest. For instance, it may lay out the foundation for describing the significance of the problem. Moreover, students and scholars develop a problem statement in their scientific papers. Then, they present indicated questions and complementary hypotheses with a clear rationale. In this case, the introduction part can be created from the topic of interest. Hence, this section must yield existing findings that are useful in identifying the study gaps. As a result, these aspects are used to formulate the current study.
Chapter 2: Literature Review in Dissertation Papers
A “Literature Review” chapter follows immediately after the introductory section in dissertations. For example, the reviewed studies cited in this chapter should justify the theoretical framework while highlighting the original ideas and critical findings on the topic. In this case, the content is based on deductive reasoning where the fundamentals of the topic are identified and logically narrowed down to the research questions. Moreover, writing a review on past studies in dissertations requires the person to provide a historical background of the topic. In turn, this background information is proceeded by a theoretical analysis relevant to the research question and includes supporting empirical studies.
Chapter 3: Method
The third distinct section is the “Method” chapter. Basically, this part presents a detailed methodology. In this case, this aspect facilitates replication of the study. For instance, an exhaustive methodology in the dissertation should at least discuss the selection of participants, measurement techniques, research design, procedures, and data analysis. Moreover, the methodology is dependent on the research question and hypotheses. Therefore, people have to identify the variables, determine the ideal measures and sampling techniques, and document the analysis process in a step-by-step manner.
Chapter 4: Results
After the methodology, people present “Results.” In particular, this part of dissertations contains the results acquired after conducting the analyses described in the previous section. For example, the detailed outcome of the experimental procedures is provided in a sequential manner. Moreover, results must be based on the initial order of the research questions. Firstly, students or other scholars present the descriptive statistics and other simple data. Secondly, they document the specific statistical analyses that answer each mentioned question. As a result, dissertations cannot be written without results.
Chapter 5: Discussion of Dissertation Findings
Finally, the “Discussion” chapter completes the dissertation. In this case, people provide their interpretations in the context of existing studies and explain its limitations and implications. Moreover, this final part of dissertations integrates the findings of the existing studies and those of the current study to provide conclusive answers to the research questions. Hence, people need to organize this section by including a summary of the results, conclusions for each finding, limitations, and recommended areas for further studies.
Other Features of Dissertations
Notably, some minor sections that are identical to other academic paper formats have not been discussed but are still needed for dissertations to be complete, for example, abstract, references, and appendices. However, the outline of the dissertation explained is relatively rigid. In this case, the content in each chapter may vary slightly, depending on the nature of the study. Additionally, you can check an article on how to write a thesis.