Expository Essay

An expository essay is one of the most iconic types of essays as one has to know how to successfully write such type of work to understand techniques required for more complicated written works, such as research papers. The expository essay is usually referred to as the accomplishment of a simple goal of establishing an idea in a coherent piece of writing. In this case, the development of the thinking process and creation of referral links to specific arguments, linking them to evidence, is what is usually expected from students who academic papers. Hence, learning how to successfully complete such a task is important to advance academically as well as evolve as a writer.

General Rules

The expository essay is assigned in an academic setting mostly. Students are required to consider an idea, examine it, expound on it, and make a conclusive judgment. However, the decision made should be concise and clear. For example, authors must employ the following aspects to have a clear and concise view: definition, example, and the study of the cause and effect. As a fact, this genre of essay structure is a life skill, because, most careers use it. Expository papers are usually made up of five paragraphs. Hence, like other genres, the introductory section must contain a thesis statement. Nevertheless, other parts offer details that support the thesis. Also, students must restate the main ideas in the concluding paragraph. Consequently, writing an expository essay calls for adhering to the following measures: planing the theme, introducing it, expressing the main points, and concluding the article.


Planning papers is a crucial part of writing an expository piece. Firstly, students must define the purpose of writing. In this case, individuals have an apparent reason for writing articles and what to do with it once completed. Secondly, in case it is an assignment, writers carefully read the provided guidelines. The next step is to consider the audience. For example, if an academic paper is a class assignment, students observe the instructor’s expectations for an expository essay. In turn, individuals put into consideration the expectations and needs of readers before writing. Finally, generating ideas is a positive method for developing papers. To sufficiently achieve this, scholars write down all the thoughts, free write, try clustering, and end up with questioning.

Expository Essay

How to Start Writing an Expository Essay

Before putting everything on academic papers and turning it in, one should consider writing a draft. Basically, writing first thoughts is crucial when it comes to the establishment of a coherent piece of writing. In the majority of cases, each paper requires various revisions before one can call it a “final draft.” Hence, there are many useful techniques that can help students to find a way to establish the roadmap that will be called the outline of the paper and then putting everything together in the perfect writing masterpiece.

Free Writing

Students must list all the ideas that individuals have thought of and go through it. For example, scholars group ideas that are similar together. Then, authors must start free writing. Firstly, students cover anything that comes to mind without editing, for a minimum of ten minutes. Secondly, once through, individuals review their papers and highlight what is most useful for articles. Apparently, scholars may repeat this activity by using highlighted passages as a starting point. Also, this exercise can be repeated several times to continue developing and refining ideas. Additionally, authors may employ clustering techniques for an expository essay. In this case, individuals write a short explanation about the topic on a paper and circle it. Moreover, students draw lines extending from the circle. In turn, authors should think about a related idea towards the end of each line and develop this cluster until individuals have satisfactory ideas.


Another alternative is to use questioning. On papers, scholars should write out “What? Who? Why? When? Where? How?” (Purdue OWL). To each question, students must provide as many details as possible. Then, individuals try to outline what they are willing to write with credible sources. Evaluating sources for credibility purposes before using them is crucial. In this case, Individuals must identify the authors and their qualifications. Scholars confirm if there are citations to ensure that authors have well researched the topic.

Moreover, students should check if there is any bias to establish whether or not authors of sources has given an objective and a well-reasoned account of the matter. Finally, authors must create a tentative thesis in an expository essay. As a fact, effectual thesis statements show the focus of a paper and indicate an arguable claim. It should be one sentence, and scholars should ensure that it is concise, clear, and well-defined. Moreover, since it is the author’s main point, individuals carefully narrow it to explain where the essay heads.

Introduction of the Expository Essay

The second part of writing an expository essay is how to write an introduction. For instance, scholars start papers with an excellent opening statement, which is direct to the topic (Purdue OWL). Hence, an excellent introduction will easily capture the reader’s attention. It should identify critical ideas of papers and act as a preview. Moreover, students present context to guide readers through articles. For instance, individuals think about what they will need to know to comprehend papers. However, in a book scenario, scholars must provide names of authors, works, and a synopsis. Nevertheless, it is important to note that the context needs to lead to the thesis statement.

Main Body of the Expository Essay

After writing the introduction of the expository essay, scholars express the main points in paragraphs. To achieve this goal, they make body paragraphs in essays (Purdue OWL). In most cases, the number of sections is five, which refers to three body paragraphs. Evidence in all three should support the thesis. Each body paragraph should have new supporting evidence. The facts obtained from reliable sources should be in the form of summaries, cited quotes, or paraphrased ideas. Basically, writers must analyze the supporting evidence after elaboration. The goal is to explain to readers about the importance of facts and how they relate to the thesis, then transitioning to the next paragraph. Body sections should be connected, while authors must use transition words for this purpose. Some creativity is allowed in this genre of writing.

Concluding the Expository Essay

Concluding papers is the last step of expository essay writing. For example, scholars rephrase and restate the thesis statement in the first paragraph of the conclusion (Purdue OWL). However, students should avoid introducing new information. This last paragraph is a final chance to offer a lasting impression on readers. The next thing to do is to review and summarize the main ideas. Basically, authors must revisit the most compelling facts and elaborate on how they support the main points. In turn, writers need to present the final thought or call to action and make a definitive statement about the topic in the concluding sentence. Scholars can ask a new question or offer a solution to the issue. Finally, authors must show how the subject influences readers, indicate how it applies to a broader observation or theme, call the audience to more exploration on the topic, or call to action.

Wrap Up

Therefore, during writing an expository essay, students are required to consider an idea, examine it, expound on it, and make a conclusive judgment. The decision made should be concise and clear. Expository essays usually include five paragraphs. Then, the introductory section must contain the thesis statement. The other parts offer details which support the thesis due to essay structure standards. To have a compelling expository paper, one should, plan the theme, introduce the topic, express the main points in detail and finally conclude the article in a manner that leaves the reader with an excellent impression. Also, students must understand how to write a thesis statement.

Work Cited

Purdue OWL. “Introductions, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusions for an Expository/Persuasive Essay.” 2019, https://learning.hccs.edu/faculty/judy.bouvier/purdue-owl-introductions-body-paragraphs-and-conclusions-for-an-expository-persuasive-essay.

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