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How to Start an Essay With a Quote With Examples

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Dr. Emily Norton
  • Icon Calendar 9 June 2024
  • Icon Page 4987 words
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Students must prepare outstanding essays to meet their academic expectations. Basically, the way in which learners introduce their work plays a crucial role in determining possible grades they achieve. In this case, direct passages provide an appropriate way in which learners can present their work. Then, successful essayists must rely on proper guidelines when using quotations in their work. In particular, this guide on how to start an essay with a quote provides practical steps that one must follow. Further on, students should avoid using clichés by obtaining unique information from credible scholarly sources. Besides, authors should provide the context for their cited passages, which helps readers to understand their importance in academic papers. In turn, successful scholars focus on ensuring direct quotations relate to a thesis statement. Moreover, essayists should provide correct in-text citations, following MLA 9, APA 7, Harvard, or Chicago/Turabian referencing formats. Finally, students should follow the necessary guidelines when using block quotations to avoid unnecessary plagiarism cases.

General Guidelines

Academic types of essays are practical tools that learners use to communicate specific ideas. Basically, the essay’s introduction determines if the targeted audience reads through the entire work. However, there are different methods that writers can use to begin a paper to impress targeted readers. In this case, using a direct passage is one of the ways in which scholars apply when beginning their essays. Such quotations and attention grabbers capture the reader’s mind. Moreover, one may use statements made by famous leaders, politicians, academicians, or individuals they know. In turn, writers must introduce all forms of quotation effectively to enhance clarity in a research paper.

What Is a Quote and Its Purpose

According to its definition, a quote is a direct repetition of someone else’s words with copied and pasted arguments, statements, or thoughts separated by quotation marks and acknowledged with its author(s). The main purpose of a quote is to simplify complex ideas, reinforce writer’s arguments, and provide authoritative support, enhancing the credibility of the overall content (Kaufman & Straus, 2021). They also engage readers or listeners and connect them to familiar ideas or notable voices, which can provoke a better response and thinking from the audience and maintain greater interest in a specific topic under discussion. In speeches, such statements can inspire and motivate people, evoke emotions, and encourage change or action. Before starting a quote in an essay, writers typically introduce it with signal phrases, such as “According to [author],” “As [author] states,” or “In the words of [author]” (Sawyer, 2016). Moreover, a really good quote is one that resonates deeply with a target audience, being a significant truth or insight and leaving a lasting impact on its audience. Hence, quotes serve as powerful tools that enhance communication, connecting the audience to broader contexts and credible viewpoints, improving the overall effectiveness and resonance of the central message.

How to start an essay with a quote in MLA 8, APA 7, Harvard, and Chicago/Turabian

Essay Quote Format

  • Introduction of a Quote: Use a signal phrase to introduce a specific statement.
  • Direct Passage: Enclose a quoted text in quotation marks.
  • In-Text Citation: Provide the author’s name and page number in parentheses after a chosen statement (if applicable).
  • Analysis or Interpretation: After a cited passage, write 1-2 sentences with your own analysis or interpretation, explaining its relevance to your argument.

Starting an Essay With a Perfect Quote

One can use various types of quotes to begin an essay. Basically, the most common examples of quotations include paraphrase, summary, or direct quote (Kaufman & Straus, 2021). Firstly, paraphrases refer to reworded statements that bear the same meaning as original phrases. In this case, writers ensure facts remain intact. Secondly, a summary gives a brief account of the main points in the initial passage. Thirdly, a direct quotation contains all the spoken words. Moreover, students copy and paste direct sentences without altering any expression. Hence, authors must use these three forms effectively to avoid interfering with the original citation’s actual meaning. In turn, other types of exact statements have their own purposes, and they can be:

Type of QuotePurpose
InspirationalMotivate and encourage the audience to strive for their goals and dreams.
PhilosophicalExplore fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, and reason.
HistoricalMention historical figures or events that have shaped the course of history.
LiteraryCover works of literature that highlight themes, characters, or important messages.
PoliticalTalk about political leaders who reflect their views, policies, or significant moments.
ScientificRefer to scientists who convey important scientific principles or discoveries.
MotivationalInspire action and perseverance that are used to uplift and encourage.
HumorousIntend to amuse and entertain people with a witty or ironic twist.
CulturalReflect cultural values, artistic expressions, or societal norms.
Religious/SpiritualProvide more insights into religious beliefs, spiritual practices, and moral values.

Writing a Quote as an Essay Hook

To use a quote as a hook, writers introduce a direct statement at the beginning of an essay to capture the audience’s attention and set the tone for a particular topic, using it as an opening sentence. Basically, the approach prevents readers from getting bored when reading through academic papers (Pullen, 2016). In practice, a hook refers to one or two sentences in an article, and this sentence helps readers to decide if they will understand the entire content. Moreover, a prudent author must make an appropriate decision when selecting necessary phrases to include in the introduction. In turn, good direct statements must lure the audience into reading the entire work. Hence, quotes used to start an essay must act as a hook by capturing the reader’s attention.

Characteristics of a Suitable Quote

Quotations record the exact language used by a different person in writing or speech. For example, writers should make wise decisions when selecting correct statements for their papers (Sawyer, 2016). In this case, appropriate passages enhance the essay’s meaning. Moreover, students must select a corresponding quotation, and it must be related to the central theme and the chosen topic. In turn, making the right selection prevents a possible distraction when reading an essay. Hence, one needs to select a quote related to the chosen subject to avoid potential distractions when reading written papers.

Memorable Quotations

Memorable quotes are suitable for starting academic papers. To start an introduction with a quote, writers choose a relevant passage, put it at the beginning of an opening paragraph, and explain its significance to their essay topics. For example, authors should find short and unforgettable statements that relate to the topic in question (Sawyer, 2016). In this case, the strategy attracts the reader’s attention and interest. Besides, the audience can recall a specific quotation when reading the content. In turn, the approach ensures readers relate the content to the opening passage. Therefore, one needs to choose a memorable passage to capture the reader’s attention.

Clear and Short Quotes

Clear and short quotations play a crucial role in promoting the essay’s quality. For instance, the writer should select comprehensible passages. The choice prevents possible interference with the intended meaning of details provided to support arguments (Sibbald et al., 2022). Then, writers can start a paragraph with a quote to capture people’s attention and provide a strong foundation for a central argument, as long as this passage is directly relevant and correctly introduced to the audience. In practice, short quotes play a crucial role in enhancing the statement’s clarity. Readers can grasp the meaning of short passages with a lot of ease. Long quotes may distract the intended conception of basic ideas. Therefore, readers need to identify concise and comprehensible statements and relate them to the topic directly.

Credible Statements

Credible quotes help prudent writers to start their essays. For instance, students should obtain quotations from reliable sources. Basically, one should provide definitive evidence concerning remarks used in writing any paper. In practice, one can identify a particular person who spoke quoted words to avoid plagiarism. For example, the most appropriate strategy is to obtain a good statement from an acceptable academic source (Lazonder & Janssen, 2022). Then, an outstanding writer needs to quote experts, artistic and historical figures, and prominent political leaders. In turn, the approach elevates the content’s quality since notable individuals provide reliable details in their speeches. Moreover, credible quotations enhance the paper’s authority on a particular topic. Therefore, outstanding essays begin with accurate quotes, like these ones:

AuthorFamous Passage
Franklin D. Roosevelt“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”
René Descartes“I think, therefore I am.”
Martin Luther King Jr.“In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.”
William Shakespeare“To be, or not to be, that is the question.”
Oscar Wilde“Be yourself; everyone else is already taken.”
Eleanor Roosevelt“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.”
Mahatma Gandhi“You must be the change you wish to see in the world.”
Aristotle“The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.”
Robert Frost“In three words I can sum up everything I’ve learned about life: it goes on.”
John Lennon“Life is what happens when you’re busy making other plans.”
Winston Churchill“Success is not final, failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts.”
Pablo Picasso“Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up.”
Thomas Edison“I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.”
Nelson Mandela“It always seems impossible until it’s done.”
Albert Einstein“Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.”
Mark Twain“The secret of getting ahead is getting started.”
Confucius“It does not matter how slowly you go as long as you do not stop.”
Steve Jobs“Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.”
Dalai Lama“Happiness is not something ready made. It comes from your own actions.”
Maya Angelou“You will face many defeats in life, but never let yourself be defeated.”

Essay’s Context for Putting a Quote

The essay’s context determines quotations that students choose when beginning any paper. Basically, to write a quote in an essay, people introduce a particular statement with a signal phrase, enclose the exact words in quotation marks, and cite the source appropriately (Kaufman & Straus, 2021). However, prudent writers do not rely on direct passages to tell their stories. Instead, they provide a context, which allows readers to understand used quotations. In this case, one should provide a setting that reveals the basic scene for when, where, and under what circumstances an excerpt appears. Moreover, writers should explain when a prominent person spoke quoted words and their intended meaning. Hence, scholars should provide the context for an exact saying used at the beginning of a paper.

Incorporating a Quote in an Essay

Writers should take the necessary caution when starting an essay with a quote to avoid misguiding the targeted audience. Basically, students need to identify a person who spoke quoted words, and this approach helps readers to determine where a quotation begins. In this case, prudent writers avoid ordinary quotation attributions like “he or she said” to enhance their work quality (Kaufman & Straus, 2021). Instead, one can use alternative verbs to introduce a specific quote in the introduction. Hence, some of the verbs that students should use are:

  • added;
  • remark;
  • exclaim;
  • announce;
  • reply;
  • state;
  • respond;
  • estimate.

Scholars should use different verbs to show a high ingenuity level in presenting quotations. For instance, one needs to apply specific verbs accordingly to avoid monotony when reading academic essays (Kaufman & Straus, 2021). In this case, the practical choice of introducing verbs makes one’s work outstanding. Hence, learners should select appropriate verbs to submit selected quotations.

Significance of Quotations

Students should explain the significance of used quotations. Basically, after inserting a direct quote in an essay, writers must start explaining their context and attribution. In this case, readers require an adequate assessment of the passage’s importance in a paper. To explain a quote in an essay, writers introduce a famous statement, interpret its meaning, and discuss its relevance to their main argument or theme (Sawyer, 2016). Then, this approach helps readers to understand the significance of statements in strengthening papers. Besides, a satisfactory explanation enhances the clarity and comprehensibility of the content presented. In turn, it shows the writer’s ingenuity in presenting facts and provides an adequate account of the topic. Therefore, one should give a clear description of the quotation’s significance.

Connecting Direct Citations

Authors should not leave quotes as independent sentences. In this case, one should avoid leaving quotations as stand-alone sentences, even after providing the context. For example, a stand-alone passage disrupts the flow of ideas in an academic paper (Sibbald et al., 2022). Moreover, one can incorporate in-text citations in a way that enhances the fluency of ideas. Basically, the process ensures readers can understand how various concepts connect throughout an essay structure. Hence, writers should not leave direct citations as independent clauses in the essay’s body to avoid possible interruptions.

Avoiding a Cliché

Prudent students avoid using clichés when including quotes in their essays. Basically, a cliché refers to a famous quotation similarly used by many individuals (Pullen, 2016). Popular phrases tend to bore and distract readers. In this case, most readers come across popular phrases in various papers and articles. Besides, clichés make such readers feel that authors do not carry out adequate research before writing. However, using popular phrases as opening sentences may motivate readers to consider papers as substandard texts (Pullen, 2016). As such, a writer must avoid using clichés as opening statements in written pieces. In turn, examples of sentence starters for beginning an essay with a quote include:

  • As [Author] once said, “[Direct Passage],” the statement highlights the importance of [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • Starting with the famous claim by [Author], “[Direct Passage],” we should understand that [Topic/Theme/Subject] is important today.
  • The statement “[Direct Passage]” by [Author] serves as a reminder of [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • According to [Author], “[Direct Passage]” emphasizes [Topic/Theme/Subject] in people’s lives.
  • To quote [Author], “[Direct Passage],” this statement opens people’s eyes to [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • The perspective of [Author], who said “[Direct Passage],” provides a valid foundation for discussing [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • With [Author]’s words, “[Direct Passage],” as a starting point, people can better understand the importance of [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • As [Author] stated, “[Direct Passage],” it becomes clear that [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • The statement “[Direct Passage]” by [Author] offers a profound insight into [Topic/Theme/Subject].
  • Beginning with [Author]’s claim, “[Direct Passage],” people can explore the concept of [Topic/Theme/Subject].


Outstanding essays begin with a phrase that hooks readers. Basically, opening statements should grab the reader’s attention and satisfy their interest. In this case, students should ensure opening sentences follow a format that creates a desire to read papers. For example, good starting quotations must involve a question, a surprise, or an exciting concept (Pullen, 2016). Then, one cannot assume that the entire work is a reliable essay. Instead, writers need to identify a specific citation that gets readers to the main point of the article with a good attention grabber. Besides, the strategy ensures the intended audience goes through the entire essay. Hence, an outstanding writer uses a phrase that hooks the reader’s attention.


Exceptional essays contain unique opening statements. For instance, students must identify a unique phrase to introduce their subjects. Basically, adequate research enables authors to identify outstanding statements, and they must be related to their essay topics (Lazonder & Janssen, 2022). Moreover, scholars must find credible sources and research papers related to topics before choosing appropriate quotations. In turn, useful research enables one to determine if a selected passage is unique or a cliché. Besides, one may rely on peers to choose an appropriate quote for starting an essay. Hence, adequate research helps one to identify an exceptional quotation to introduce a written piece.

Using Different Quotation Forms

Writers should use different types of quotes to make introductions appear exceptional. For instance, one may use a question, descriptive words, or a statement that enhances curiosity (Sawyer, 2016). Basically, a question motivates readers to think about the topic and read the entire essay. Then, descriptive words create an image in the reader’s mind that connects to the whole purpose of writing. Besides, writers need to use exact passages that make readers curious to know the whole story. In turn, these three forms of quotations make an essay look outstanding to readers. Hence, one must consider using different types of statements when introducing pieces.

Considering Readers

Prudent writers consider their target audience when selecting necessary quotes. For instance, one must ensure the audience understands a provided quotation used in introducing an essay (Pullen, 2016). Basically, students should examine the intended audience and understand their interests. In this case, a good example is when scholars decide to write an essay with a quote on real democracy in the United States. Then, writers should use a quotation from a famous politician in the United States. Besides, such citations must relate to democracy. In turn, using a remark from a religious leader, a poet, or an ordinary citizen may not suit the targeted audience because readers may have a specific political interest. Hence, authors must consider the audience’s needs when selecting an appropriate quote for starting an essay.  

Including a Relevant Quote for Starting an Essay

Direct passages used in a paper must relate to the essay’s topic. Basically, prudent writers rely on effective planning strategies to ensure they obtain necessary statements for their articles. In this case, adequate background research enables scholars to identify the most effective statements to enhance the quality of their work (Eldh et al., 2020). Moreover, the approach allows writers to compare various quotations and identify the one that supports their essays effectively. Hence, one must rely on adequate preparation to ensure copied and pasted sentences relate to compositions. In turn, writers should avoid the next common mistakes to ensure putting a quote in an essay is effective and enhances the introduction’s purpose, and they are:

  • Lack of Context: Introducing a quote without providing any background information or context for why it is relevant to an assigned topic.
  • Overused Remarks: Beginning with clichés or very commonly used passages that do not add originality or depth to writing.
  • Misquoting: Failing to quote the author accurately, which can misrepresent their original meaning and undermine the argument’s credibility.
  • Irrelevant Statements: Choosing a claim that does not directly relate to the essay’s main topic or argument.
  • Long Sentences: Starting with a long quotation of more than 4 lines of text that overwhelms readers and does not allow them to understand an essay’s main point.
  • Lack of Explanation: Failing to explain the significance of a specific argument and how it connects to a central thesis or main argument.
  • Poor Integration: Introducing a chosen statement abruptly without smoothly integrating it into the logical flow of an introduction paragraph.
  • Misattribution: Incorrectly attributing a claim to the wrong author, which can lead to factual inaccuracies and plagiarism.
  • Starting Too Broadly: Using a very general passage that does not narrow down to a specific topic or focus.
  • Ignoring a Target Audience: Choosing a remark that does not resonate with or is not understandable to an intended audience.

Peer Review

Peer review is a crucial process in ensuring quotations relate to the essay’s topic. For example, scholars should consider giving their colleagues their pieces to read and give critiques (Lazonder & Janssen, 2022). Basically, the process helps them to identify common flaws in written articles. Then, one of the mistakes that peers can help to determine is the absence of a relevant remark in an essay. In turn, authors must ensure readers understand the meaning and importance of direct statements in their work. Hence, peer review is an essential process in ensuring direct passages relate to the content presented.

“They Say, I Say” Format for Including Quotes

Academic writing requires presenting sources and ideas effectively to readers. For example, “they say, I say” forms allow one to enter into a conversation about ideas between the content, reader, and sources (Sawyer, 2016). Besides, this style reflects the writer’s level of critical thinking. In turn, the set-up helps essayists to organize ideas in relationship to the main theme. Hence, some templates for starting an essay with a quote that one can use are:

  • President Kennedy stated that “…” . On the other hand, President Roosevelt believed that “…” .
  • Author X contradicts himself in stating that “…”. At the same time, he argues that “…” . In turn, he also implies that “…” .
  • I agree that “…” .
  • She argues that … , and I agree with her statement because “…” .
  • I have always believed that “…” .
  • As the prominent philosopher X puts it, “…” .

Formatting a Short Quote

Learning institutions require students to follow specific guidelines when preparing their essays. Basically, the most common forms include MLA 9, APA 7, Harvard, and Chicago/Turabian styles. In turn, these formatting styles rely on different quoting rules. In this case, students must provide accurate in-text citations for each direct statement used in an essay. Hence, possible guidelines that one should follow when quoting are:


Essayists should provide adequate details when starting an essay with a quote. As a rule, the MLA referencing style requires giving the author’s name and the page containing a chosen quotation. Sometimes, writers may obtain a specific passage from a website. In such cases, in-text citations should include paragraph numbers. Moreover, one should use a space to separate the author and the page or paragraph number in quotations. Hence, citation schemes that one should use for quotes in MLA 9 are:

  • MLA 9 parenthetical citation scheme – One must use “(Author Page)” for direct statements obtained from scholarly sources and “(Author Paragraph No.)” for phrases obtained from a website. In this case, the phrase “par.,” followed by a period, precedes the actual number of the paragraph containing a particular quotation.
  • Example – President Kennedy argued, “In a time of domestic crisis, men of goodwill and generosity should be able to unite regardless of party or politics” (Iodice 3).
  • MLA 9 narrative citation scheme – Students need to use the phrase “According to…,” to introduce a quote. In this case, page or paragraph numbers appear in brackets at the end of the sentence containing the citation.
  • Example – According to Iodice, President Kennedy stated, “We are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect the rights of all who wish to be free” (3).  


Students should identify the source’s author, publication date of the source containing a specific quotation, and its page or paragraph number from where it is copied and pasted. Basically, the APA referencing style requires essayists to obtain direct passages from credible sources. In this case, writers must identify academic sources providing statements for citing. Moreover, an actual in-text citation must contain the author’s name, publication year, and page or paragraph number. In turn, one must separate these three details with a comma. Hence, guidelines that a scholar should follow in APA 7 are:

  • APA 7 parenthetical citation scheme – In-text citations must appear as (Author, Year, p. or para. No).
  • Example – President Kennedy stated, “We are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect all who wish to be free” to show the primary objective of the federal leadership (Iodice, 2017, p. 3).
  • APA 7 narrative citation scheme – Students can use the phrase “According to…,” to introduce a quote.
  • Example – According to Iodice (2017), President Kennedy stated, “We are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect the rights of all who wish to be free” (p. 3).  


Essayists should avoid all forms of plagiarism when providing quotes in Harvard. As a rule, in-text citations must identify the author and publication date. In this case, authors give the page number containing the direct passages. Hence, examples that one should follow when formatting statements in Harvard style are:

  • Harvard parenthetical citation scheme – In-text citations must appear as (Author Year, page or paragraph number).
  • Example – President Kennedy specified, “We are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect all who wish to be free” to show the primary objective of the federal leadership (Iodice 2017, p. 3).
  • Harvard narrative citation scheme – Essayists can use the phrase “According to…,” to introduce a quote.
  • Example – According to Iodice (2017), President Kennedy stated, “We are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect the rights of all who wish to be free” (p. 3).  


Writers should provide in-text citations as footnotes. In this case, each direct statement must have a footnote callout. Besides, one gives the page number containing a direct passage. Hence, an example of an in-text citation for a quote in Chicago/Turabian is:

  • Chicago/Turabian footnote callout – President Kennedy stated, “We are committed to a worldwide struggle to promote and protect the rights of all who wish to be free.”1
  • Chicago/Turabian footnote example, which corresponds to this callout – 1. Emilio Iodice, “The Courage to Lead: The Leadership Legacies of American Presidents John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Theodore Roosevelt,” Journal of Values-Based Leadership 10, no. 1 (January 2017), 3. https://doi.org/10.22543/0733.101.1176.

Citing Block Quotations

Writers may decide to use block quotes for starting their essays. Basically, there are specific referencing styles, and they have different rules for including block quotations. Hence, citation guidelines that essayists can use to format their exact remarks are:


One should place a quotation, which is more than four lines, as a free-standing block. As a rule, students should omit curved quotation marks in MLA 9. In this case, quotes must start at 0.5 inches from the left margin. Moreover, parenthetical citations appear at the end of the passage, after the closing punctuation marks.


Block quotes in APA 7th edition contain more than forty words. Basically, writers should omit double quotation marks and indent direct passages at 0.5 inches from the left margin. In turn, parenthetical citations, which contain page numbers, follow closing punctuation marks.


Long quotes in Harvard referencing should contain between forty and fifty words. In this case, block statements must begin on a separate line after a colon. Besides, one indents essays at 0.5 inches from the left margin. Finally, parenthetical citations follow closing punctuation marks.


Block quotes in Chicago/Turabian contain five or more lines. As a rule, one must indent quotations at 0.5 inches from the left margin. Basically, scholars offset block quotations by using different or smaller fonts used in the rest body sections. In turn, a sentence preceding a long passage must identify the source and the author and end with a colon. As a result, writers include the page containing the citation, inside rounded brackets.

Connecting a Particular Quote to a Thesis Statement

Quotations play an instrumental role in enhancing the credibility and validity of arguments presented in essays. For example, suitable passages from other authors show that arguments depend on facts (Pullen, 2016). Besides, direct remarks make academic essay writing appear more professional and thoughtful. However, students make the following mistakes that lower their essay’s quality:

  • Writers drop their quotes without considering their significance in supporting written pieces. In this case, successful authors avoid this mistake by selecting direct statements that relate to the essay’s topic.
  • Scholars fail to support other people’s passages by using their words. In turn, outstanding writers avoid this mistake by introducing citations with their words. As a result, the strategy helps to link a particular statement to other details provided in an essay.
  • Authors fail to show the connection between their quotations and a thesis statement. Basically, a copied and pasted sentence must be related to a thesis sentence. In turn, prudent essayists ensure their citations support central arguments in academic papers. 

Summing Up

Learning institutions require scholars to write essays to meet the necessary academic requirements. Basically, the way in which learners introduce their work plays a crucial role in determining the grades they achieve. In this case, direct quotations provide an appropriate way for authors to present their works. However, an essayist must rely on proper guidelines on how to start an essay with a quote correctly. Hence, some tips that one must remember when using direct passages are:

  • Avoid using clichés for quotations.
  • Use unique and credible claims.
  • Provide the context for a remark.
  • Ensure a direct passage relates to a thesis statement.
  • Include correct in-text citations, following the rules of MLA 9, APA 7, Harvard, or Chicago/Turabian formats where applicable.
  • Follow the necessary guidelines when using block quotes.


Eldh, A. C., Årestedt, L., & Berterö, C. (2020). Quotations in qualitative studies: Reflections on constituents, custom, and purpose. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406920969268

Kaufman, L., & Straus, J. (2021). The blue book of grammar and punctuation: An easy-to-use guide with clear rules, real-world examples, and reproducible quizzes. Jossey-Bass.

Lazonder, A. W., & Janssen, N. (2022). Quotation accuracy in educational research articles. Educational Research Review, 35, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2021.100430

Pullen, R. (2016). A guide to essay writing: Producing the ideal essay. Straightforward Publishing.

Sawyer, E. (2016). College essay essentials: A step-by-step guide to writing a successful college admission essay. Sourcebooks, Inc.

Sibbald, S. L., Asif Jiwani, A., & Martin, J. (2022). Recycling quotes or personal plagiarism? A methodological contribution on integrity in qualitative health research. SSM – Qualitative Research in Health, 2, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmqr.2022.100084

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